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Haitian Collection

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Displaying results 46-50 (of 165)
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Laurent Casimir
Haiti 1928-1990
Market Place 76.0022

Market Place 76.0022

Raised in a very poor family barely able to survive on the income from their land, Casimir left to search for work in Port-au-Prince. Sheer coincidence brought him to Le Centre d'Art in 1947 where he began to paint. "Never excelling in anything," as he said, Casimir felt most at home among the anonymous Haitians in his paintings: at the market, at carnival, at cockfights, and at vodou ceremonies. Casimir increased the density of his peopled canvases until they resembled patterns.

Dieudonné Cédor
Haiti unknown
Vodou Sacrifice (Exorcism) 2000.0023

Vodou Sacrifice (Exorcism) 2000.0023

Not much is known of Cédor, although he is considered a first generation artist and one who made important contributions to "historicized" painting along with Philomé Obin. Cédor became active with the Centre d'Art in 1947, just three years after its creation.

Wilmino Domond
Haiti b. 1925
Chassés du Paradis (Expulsion from Paradise) 67.0005

Chassés du Paradis (Expulsion from Paradise) 67.0005

Domond is primarily a coffee planter and paints in his spare time. He was initially inspired to paint by his cousin, Castera Bazile, however, their styles are very different. Domond repeatedly turns to subjects from the Bible and from vodou and is much more interested in the effects of pattern and detail. In this painting, Adam and Eve, who have clothed themselves with leaves, are expelled from the Garden of Eden by the archangel Michael who wields a sword. The lush garden is packed with dense foliage patterns and the flat profiles of various exotic animals.

Wilmino Domond
Haiti b. 1925
Paradis Terrestre (Earthly Paradise) 67.0006

Paradis Terrestre (Earthly Paradise) 67.0006

Domond is primarily a coffee planter and paints in his spare time. He was initially inspired to paint by his cousin, Castera Bazile, however, their styles are very different. Domond repeatedly turns to subjects from the Bible and from vodou and is much more interested in the effects of pattern and detail. In this painting, Adam and Eve enjoy a garden paradise. Eve is taking fruit from a tree down which a snake descends, reminiscent of the story in Genesis. The lush garden is packed with dense foliage patterns and the flat profiles of various exotic and fantastic animals.

Prefete Duffaut
Haiti b. 1923
Madonna with Horns 2002.0013

Madonna with Horns 2002.0013

Préfète Duffaut is from the port city of Jacmel. Prior to becoming a professional artist, he worked as a shipbuilder. He joined the Centre d'Art in 1948. Vodou has a strong presence in Duffaut's artwork. He has created numerous representations of the vodou spirit Ezili, who is linked with the Madonna. Duffaut's painting shows one manifestation of Ezili, the vodou goddess of love, who is associated with the Virgin Mary. Here it is Ezili-taureau from the family of taureau (bull) spirits. This group has a greater significance in the area Jacmel, the artist's home town, than in other parts of Haiti. The taureau (bull) family is said to be Creole, meaning that these spirits were created in Haiti, rather than originating in Africa. Individuals possessed by the frightful spirit Ezili-taureau moo like a bull. This is in contrast to those possessed by Ezili Freda, the goddess of love, known for her dancing, flirting, and beauty. In Haitian vodou, the lwa (spirits) have different manifestations, each categorized by their own colors, preferred sacrifices, physical characteristics, and behavior. Madonna with Horns includes numerous instruments of the vodou ceremony. There is the vèvè (ritual drawing) on the ground, and basin and cup for offerings and libations. The drum is a sacred instrument, and the various x's on the ground mark pwen (power points) that infuse the area with sacred power. The whip symbolizes discipline, which is very important during ritual acts. Sometimes in vodou ceremonies, the animal to be sacrificed and the person who offers it only switch places and roles at the last minute. The horned creatures on either side of Ezili may represent these individuals, but more likely, are representations of other members of the taureau (bull) family of spirits.

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