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Mexican Colonial Collection

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Displaying results 1-5 (of 54)
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Juan Aguilera
Mexico early 18th century
The Guardien Angel (Tobias and the Archangel Raphael) 25.0010

The Guardien Angel (Tobias and the Archangel Raphael) 25.0010

Jose de Alzibar
Mexico act. 1751-1806
Saint Francis Xavier 25.0009

Saint Francis Xavier 25.0009

The Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier was born near Pamplona in Spain in 1506. After meeting Ignatius Loyola in Paris, he became one of the founding members of the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits, in 1534. His life was spent in missionary work, making trips to India Japan, and China, where he died. He was canonized in 1622. Xavier's membership in the Jesuits is indicated by the Jesuit shield (IHS is the abbreviation of Jesus' name in Greek). The pilgrim's staff and gourd refer to his missionary journeys. The crucifix and lilies (symbol of purity) are also frequently seen in his representations. A painter of both portraits and religious subjects, Alzibar, along with Ibarra and Cabrera, founded the short-lived Mexico City Academy of 1753. He was later named associate director of painting at the newly established Fine Arts Academy of San Carlos.

Jose de Alzibar
Mexico act. 1751-1806
St. Stephen 25.0008

St. Stephen 25.0008

Stephen was among the followers that the apostles ordained to care for the physical needs of the early church community, particularly the care of widows and orphans. Accused of blasphemy by the Jewish high priest, Stephen responded by confessing his faith in the context of Hebrew religious history. The people were so enraged that they stoned him to death. He became the first martyr of the Christian faith. As the first martyr, Stephen has a special place in Christian devotion. He is often represented by Roman Catholic artists, dressed in a dalmatic, the liturgical garment worn by deacons during the Mass. He is also frequently depicted with stones nearby or holding stones, the instrument of his death. A painter of both portraits and religious subjects, Alzibar, along with Ibarra and Cabrera, founded the short-lived Mexico City Academy of 1753. He was later named associate director of painting at the newly established Fine Arts Academy of San Carlos, a position that he held from 1781-1786.

Workshop of Arellano
Mexico unknown
Madonna and Child 25.0007

Madonna and Child 25.0007

Miguel, asc. Cabrera
Mexico 1695-1768
The Madonna of the Rosary 25.0042

The Madonna of the Rosary 25.0042

A rosary is a devotional aid used to count prayers. Although rosaries are used in many world religions, the rosary is most often associated with Roman Catholic practice. The rosary is a string of beads made in the form of a circle with a pendant crucifix. It consists of five sets of beads called decades, each composed of one large and ten smaller beads. The Lord's Prayer and Our Father are said on the large beads; the Hail Mary (or Ave Maria) is said on the smaller beads. In between the decades, the "Glory be", a liturgical praise to God, is recited. As the prayers are said, the person reciting the rosary may contemplate the mysteries, meditations and prayers about events in the life of Christ and of the Virgin. The Dominicans and Franciscans played an important role in the religious and cultural life of New Spain. They are represented here by their respective founders, St. Dominic (on the left) and St. Francis. St. Dominic has been credited with instituting the devotion of the rosary. Cabrera, a mestizo, was abandoned at birth and raised by a godfather in Oaxaca where he was introduced to the rudiments of painting. He came to Mexico City in 1719 and soon became an influential artist. In 1751 he led a group of Mexican artists to examine the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe and make copies for the Vatican. He, along with Ibarra, established a short-lived art academy in Mexico City in 1753. During the 1750s and 1760s Cabrera's studio dominated artistic production in Mexico City. As a result, his influence on the style of other artists was far-reaching.

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